The District is one of the oldest in Uganda. Originally, it consisted of Rakai, Kalangala, Ssembabule, Kalungu, Bukomansimbi and Lwengo making it once the largest District in Uganda.The District has a rich cultural heritage. It is endowed with a diversity of about 40 ethnic groups, the majority of whom are Baganda followed by the Banyankole, Banyarwanda and Banyoro. But most of the tribes practice Buganda culture. The main language spoken is Luganda and the staple food of the area is Matooke (Bananas).