Population & Culture

Historical Background

Bushenyi District was curved out of Ankole district in 1974 and in 1993 Ntungamo district was created and took away Bushenyi and Kajara counties and with effect from July 2010 counties of Sheema, Bunyaruguru, Buhweju and Ruhinda were also elevated to District status. The District has a land area of 841 square kilometers and is 910-2500 metres above sea level. The main physical features of the district include Natural forests of Kalinzu, Imaramagambo covering an estimated area of 84 km2.

The water bodies are lakes Katunga in Kakanju Sub County. The major Economic activities include; semi intensive agriculture, fishing, trade and commerce, transport, stone quarrying, sand mining, mineral mining, construction industry, tourism and lumbering. Bushenyi District mainly comprises of Banyankole, Bakiga, Baganda and Bakonzo.

Bushenyi District was curved out of Ankole district in 1974 and in 1993 Ntungamo district was created and took away Bushenyi and Kajara counties and with effect from July 2010 counties of Sheema, Bunyaruguru, Buhweju and Ruhinda were also elevated to District status. The District has a land area of 841 square kilometers and is 910-2500 metres above sea level. The main physical features of the district include Natural forests of Kalinzu, Imaramagambo covering an estimated area of 84 km2.

The water bodies are lakes Katunga in Kakanju Sub County. The major Economic activities include; semi intensive agriculture, fishing, trade and commerce, transport, stone quarrying, sand mining, mineral mining, construction industry, tourism and lumbering. Bushenyi District mainly comprises of Banyankole, Bakiga, Baganda and Bakonzo.

 

 

1 Location and size of Bushenyi District.

Bushenyi is one of the districts in the Western region of Uganda. It is bordered by Buhweju district in the Northwest, Bunyaruguru in the North, Mitooma and Sheema in the west and south, and Sheema District in the east. It lies between latitudes 0o 46’ south and 0o North and longitudes 29o 41’ East and 30o30’ East, with an average altitude of 1705 metres above sea level. Bushenyi District headquarters are situated at Mbarara-Kasese road and the district has a total area of 758 sq. km of which land area is 841 sq.km and average land holding 1.31 ha Land Utilization Land use Area (km2) Percentage Arable land 615 56.1 Tropical rain forests 84 20 Open water bodies 1 9 Wetlands 58 5 TOTAL 100

Land use

Area (km2)

Percentage

Arable land

615

56.1

Tropical rain forests

84

20

Open water bodies

1

9

Wetlands

58

5

TOTAL

 

100

 

POPULATION

Population density (persons per km2 is 217 and Average household size is 5.116

District Population data (2014 census data)

County

Sub county

HH Number

Average size

Male

Female

Total

Bushenyi- Ishaka mc

Central division

3,866

4

8,439

8,207

16,646

Bushenyi- Ishaka mc

Ishaka division

4,062

3.5

7,747

8,480

16,227

Bushenyi- Ishaka mc

Nyakabirizi division

2,029

3.8

3,963

4,227

8,190

Igara

Bitooma

2,807

4.8

6,610

6,900

13,510

Igara

Bumbaire

3,007

4.8

6,904

7,521

14,425

Igara

Ibaare

2,694

4.3

5,473

6,172

11,645

Igara

Kakanju

4,895

4.7

11,102

11,807

22,909

Igara

Kyabugimbi

4,085

4.7

9,234

10,150

19,384

Igara

Kyamuhunga

8,145

4.4

17,733

18,233

35,966

Igara

Kyeizooba

5,896

4.4

12,860

13,612

26,472

Igara

Nyabubare

7,823

4.6

17,548

19,054

36,602

Igara

Ruhumuro

2,720

5

6,697

6,948

13,645

   

52,029

 

114,310

121,311

235,621

Source: UBOS Census 2014

. Geographical Features

Bushenyi district is famous for being a model district and with proximity to Kalinzu forests, the Rwenzori ranges, including the Margherita and Stanley peaks, can be viewed for the district. There are a number of mineral resources in Bushenyi that include gold in Kyamuhunga. These can further be explored to benefit the people of Bushenyi.

Topography

The eastern and central part of the district is a low-lying plateau with undulating hills. The rest of the district is hilly with sharp valleys and craters mainly in Kyabugimbi and Ruhumuro sub counties

 Climate Rainfall, Temperature, Humidity and Winds

The eastern and central part of the district is a low-lying plateau with undulating hills. The rest of the district is hilly with sharp valleys and craters mainly in Kyabugimbi and Ruhumuro sub counties.

Climate

The district receives 1500-2000mm of rainfall annually and the mean annual temperature ranges from 12.5o C to 30o C. This climate is conducive and suitable for agricultural activities carried

out in the district.

    Soils andVegetation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

The district is endowed with loamy fertile soils with varying proportions of sand and clay. It has tropical rain forest vegetation of Kalinzu, Imaramagambo, and savannah woodlands, semi arid vegetation in the north and wetland vegetation.

Hydrology

Bushenyi as a district has a number Open water such as Katunga Lake, swamps, wetlands, these provide annual water supply of in form of rain and inflows. One would therefore conclude that, Bushenyi is fairly well endowed with water resources. Since direct rainfall is the most important source of water resources in District

Wetland Resources

There are a number of wetlands that comprise of swamps seasonal fooded grassland, swamp forest, permanently flooded papyrus, grass swamp and upland bog.  Wetlands in the district perform a number of functions, such as; mitigating the effects of both floods and droughts, providing fish resources and support cropping and grazing along their margins. They are centres of high biodiversity and productivity as well as valuable refuges and sources of food like fish. Furthermore, they are active biological filters in the treatment of effluents, but due to this function they are also sensitive to the accumulation of pollution

Bushenyi as a district has a number Open water such as Katunga Lake, swamps, wetlands, these provide annual water supply of in form of rain and inflows. One would therefore conclude that, Bushenyi is fairly well endowed with water resources. Since direct rainfall is the most important source of water resources in District

 

Poverty distribution

Poverty has many different dimensions, ranging from material well-being (basic needs of like nutrition, good health, shelter, education etc) to lack of human rights, citizenship or social networks. Economic factors such as low income, lack of assets, access to markets or public services can lead into poverty.

Table 3.6: Poverty distribution by Sub-county

s/n

LG

Poverty incidence.

Poverty gap index

Poverty inequality.

 Poor

P’ple

1          

Kyamuhunga

20

5

0.25

10,255

2          

Kyabugimbi

21

6

0.28

9,628

3          

Kakanju

23

7

0.30

6,747

4          

Bumbaire

26

6

0.23

8,135

5          

Nyabubare

31

8

0.25

9,985

6          

Ruhumuro

28

7

0.25

6,404

7          

Ibaare

23

7

0.30

8,147

8          

Bitooma

28

7

0.25

7,229

9          

Kyeizooba

26

6

0.23

4,669

 

Average/Total

25

6

0.25

71,199

Proportion of Population in Subsistence farming

Most households in Bushenyi district (78.8%) practice subsistence farming as their main employment and occupation while only 0.03% of the total households is supported by the organisations as shown in the table above.  Subsistence farming is basically growing food for household consumption such as banana, maize, potatoes, Irish potatoes and more others.