Production Sector

Location: Bushenyi District is located in South Western Uganda and is composed of Nine Sub counties and one Municipality with three divisions, 64 parishes and 565 villages (LC1). Land size: The District has a total land area of 841.80km2. Climate: The rainfall received ranges from 1500-2000 mm annually and the mean annual temperature ranges from 12.5c to 30oc degree; this climate is conductive for Agriculture that is practiced in the area. Soil and Vegetation: The District is endowed with loamy fertile soils with varying proportions of sand and clay. Vegetation comprises of a tropical rain forest of Karinzu,and Savana wood lands and wetlands. Population and population density: Bushenyi District has a projected population of 247,400 and population density of 294 people /km2. Farmer system: The most households practice Semi-intensive farming due to small land holding (1-2 acres per house hold). 2.0 Majorcrops: The major crops grown in the area are basically food and cash crops. 2.1 Food crops: These include; Bananas, Beans, Cassava, Vegetables and Sweet potatoes. Bananas: (Musa sp). Bananas belong to the east African Banana high land presently grown in East Africa. They grow under warm and hot conditions and at a PH ranging from 4.2.-6. Bananas are a perennial crop that provides food and income all year round. Bananas constitute the biggest percentage of food requirements. The Common varieties grown in the district include; Entaragaza, Enyeru,Bwanzirime, Kibuzi, enzirabahima, Enzirabahima, Mushankara, Rwasha, and Enjagata. Beans: (Phaseolus vulgaris). Beans are grown in all areas of the district and constitute the major source of plant protein. They grow in neutral soils and under moderate rainfall. The recommended common varieties for Bushenyi are; K132, NABE13- NABE19, NABE 12C, NAROBEAN1-5C Sweet potatoes: (Ipomoea Batatus)Important varieties include; Ntahansi and Naspot8,9,11,12 and 13 which grow favorably in; A wide range of soils. Cool and warm conditions Under moderate rain fall Below 1000 meter’s 2.2 Cash crops: These include; coffee and tea Coffee: Two types of coffee are grown in the district and these are; Robusta Coffee It is grown in all areas of the district. It grows at a soil PH of 6-8. Robusta coffee requires deep fertile soils that are not water logged. In order to reap the benefits of high yield and good quality coffee, recommended varieties and good agronomic practices must be employed. Arabica Coffee (coffee Arabica) It requires; -Free draining soils of a minimum depth of 3 feet -Soil PH of 5-6 -Can be grown on many different soil types but the ideal is a fertile, volcanic red earth or deep, sandy loam. Tea: (Camellia sinensis) This is a good income earner in the areas where it is grown and important varieties include;6/8,303/557,and 31/8 Its favorable growing conditions include; Acidic soils of a PH ranging from 4.5-5.5 Deep soils High rainfall Rich soils with sufficient Nitrogen.

 

TOP FIVE AGRICULTURE CROPS, ARERAGE, YIELD AND OUTPUT.

 

CROP

ACRERAGE (HA)

Owc increased acreage HA

Total Acreage

Ha

MAXIMUM YIELD (MT/HA)P/A

MAXIMUM TOTAL PRODUCTION

CURRENT YIELD(MT/HA)P/A

CURRENT TOTAL PRODUCTION

Banana

33,394

-

33394

60

2,003,640

24.5

818,153

Beans

5126

 

 

2.0

10,252

0.7

3,588

Potatoes

5,564

 

 

15

83460

4.5

25038

Coffee

 4286

2871

7,157

4.5

18,554

2.25

9,643MT

Tea

7690

1720

9,410

4

37640

1.5

11,535 MT

 

 

 MAJOR LIVE STOCK ENTERPRISES

CATTLE

Dairy industry has existed and supported farmers to earn income from sale of milk, since the 1970s. The local community has also benefited by accessing relatively cheap milk for home consumption. The major challenges for this enterprise have been the fluctuating milk market, high cost of input and pasture improvement.

 

The most popular cattle breed kept by farmers in the District is the Friesian Cross, which is quite productive under good management (15-20 Ltrs per day).

 

Estimated total No. of Cattle

Dairy Exotics and Crosses

Estimated No. of milking Dairy cows

Total milk production (Annual)

Average Yield per cow per day(It)

Expected Yield It)

62,000

38,934

3,860

 

 

10,422,000

9

15-20